What does it mean to have equal protection under the law?
equal protection, in United States law, the constitutional guarantee that no person or group will be denied the protection under the law that is enjoyed by similar persons or groups. In other words, persons similarly situated must be similarly treated.
What does the 14th Amendment say about separate but equal?
The Court said, “separate is not equal,” and segregation violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Chief Justice Warren wrote in his first decision on the Supreme Court of the United States, “Segregation in public education is a denial of the equal protection of the laws.
Who is protected by the Equal Protection Clause in the 14th Amendment?
Amdt14. S1. 4.3. 1 Equal Protection: Overview
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.
Why was the Equal Protection Clause added to the Fourteenth Amendment?
Finally, the “equal protection clause” (“nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws”) was clearly intended to stop state governments from discriminating against Black Americans, and over the years would play a key role in many landmark civil rights cases.
What does equal protection under the law mean Brainly?
Equal protection under the law means the state will not discriminate against its citizen and will provide the same rights, privileges and protection. It is included in the 14th amendment of the United States. …
What is an example of equal protection?
Laws that make distinctions based on race and burden both whites and blacks are also unconstitutional. For example, a state may not prohibit inter-racial marriages, or deny child custody to a couple because they are of different races.
Why was separate but equal unfair?
Because new research showed that segregating students by “race” was harmful to them, even if facilities were equal, “separate but equal” facilities were found to be unconstitutional in a series of Supreme Court decisions under Chief Justice Earl Warren, starting with Brown v. Board of Education of 1954.
How does the Equal Protection Clause apply to discrimination?
The Supreme Court has also used the Equal Protection Clause to prohibit discrimination on other bases besides race. Most laws are assessed under so-called “rational basis scrutiny.” Here, any plausible and legitimate reason for the discrimination is sufficient to render it constitutional.
What is the Equal Protection Clause in simple terms?
Legal Definition of equal protection clause
: the clause in the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that prohibits any state from denying to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
What does the Equal Protection Clause protect quizlet?
It prohibits laws that unreasonably and unfairly favor some groups over others or arbitrarily discriminate against persons.
What does the 14th Amendment Equal Protection Clause say quizlet?
Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment prohibits any state from passing a law that denies to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. Challenge may arise where there is a difference in treatment based on discriminatory classification.
How important is the Equal Protection Clause to the students?
The Equal Protection Clause is considered and important law in public education and courts have invoked it to prohibit segregation of children due to race, stop sex-based discrimination in a school setting, guarantee school access to children whose parents are not legal citizens and protect gay and lesbian students and …